Tape Getting Paid for Mitzvos. We are explicitly told the age of each Patriarch at the time of their death, but only Sarah has this distinction among the Matriarchs. The Torah tells us at the beginning of the Parsha that she died at the age of What is the significance of this distinction? The Baal HaTurim explains that the reason the letter is diminished in size is that since Sarah lived to such a ripe old age, Avraham Avinu minimized the amount of crying he did for her. According to the Baal HaTurim, it did not suffice for us to surmise on our own that since Sarah was years old when she died, it was probably not such a tragic funeral that inspired a great deal of crying.

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You say to leave the West, then you say not to leave the West. When asked to explain these inconsistencies, instead of explaining yourself, you accuse me of lacking reading comprehension. When I insist, you accuse me of being gamma, although in your typical style you might just as well deny that you called me a gamma. Being a dimwit is an insult I can entertain, but being a gamma is an insult so obviously untrue and stupid that you seem to be going on an NPC script. The Spanish civil war was a lot like the Thirty Years War and WWII was partly caused by CR seething that if only the ghouls had been able to send more stuff to their kind they would have gotten their preferred outcome of no Franco and no John Charles but plenty of loose Spanish women whose men were slaves or at least slaves to heroin.

May 11,  · As I predicted, this issue has attracted those who have argued for resort to pilegesh, etc. HAGTBG-WADR, Orthodoxy views marriage as the optimal state, as opposed to either extended singlehood, nuns or monks.

The law prescribed that a man could kill another man caught attempting a relationship with his concubine for the production of free children, which suggests that a concubine’s children were not granted citizenship. Concubinage was an institution practiced in ancient Rome that allowed a man to enter into an informal but recognized relationship with a woman concubina, plural concubinae who was not his wife, most often a woman whose lower social status was an obstacle to marriage.

Concubinage was “tolerated to the degree that it did not threaten the religious and legal integrity of the family”. These relations, however, were expected to play a secondary role to marriage, within which institution an adult male demonstrated his masculine authority as head of the household pater familias. In one of his epithalamiums , Catullus fl. In the Levitical rules on sexual relations, the Hebrew word that is commonly translated as “wife” is distinct from the Hebrew word that means “concubine”.

The children of the concubine often had equal rights with those of the wife; [23] for example, King Abimelech was the son of Gideon and his concubine. For example, the Books of Kings say that Solomon had wives and concubines. The account of the unnamed Levite in Judges 19—20 [29] shows that the taking of concubines was not the exclusive preserve of Kings or patriarchs in Israel during the time of the Judges, and that the rape of a concubine was completely unacceptable to the Israelite nation and led to a civil war.

In the story, the Levite appears to be an ordinary member of the tribe dedicated to the worship of God, who was undoubtedly dishonored both by the unfaithfulness of his concubine and her abandonment of him. However, after four months, he decides to follow her back to her family home to persuade her to return to him. Her father seeks to delay his return and he does not leave early enough to make the return journey in a single day.

The hospitality he is offered at Gibeah, the way in which his host’s daughter is offered to the townsmen and the circumstances of his concubine’s death at their hands describe a lawless time where visitors are both welcomed and threatened in equal measure. Levite and his male host seek to protect themselves by offering their womenfolk to their aggressors for sex, in exchange for their own safety.

The secret life of an ancient concubine

How Far Must You Go? Let us ask ourselves, what is the meaning of the statement that all her years were equally good? Sarah was childless for ninety years. In addition, the Medrash calculates that her cousins all gave birth when they were eight years old. It must have been very painful for Sarah to desire children and not be able to conceive for all those years — the bulk of her life. Furthermore, she brought Hagar into her home as a co-wife.

Nov 24,  · In The “Olden Days” (Before Avraham) People Did Not Get Old. There is an interesting Medrash in Parshas Chayei Sarah: On the pasuk “And Avraham was old, coming in days ” [Bereshis ] the Medrash points out that Avraham asked for (signs of) old age. Avraham Avinu was the first person in the history of the world to “get old” and the Medrash says he in fact asked to “show his.

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What’s Wrong With Pre-Marital Intimacy?

Excerpt [uncorrected, not for citation] Introduction Marriage and Other Unions Histories of marriage are inevitably teleological: It is understandable, of course, that people want to know how an institution that is so important in contemporary society came to be the way it is. Given the contested nature of marriage today—between groups who think that it is primarily a bond between two people who love each other and should therefore be available to all such couples, and groups who think that it is primarily a way of creating a family environment in which to bear and rear children and should be limited to opposite-sex couples—tracing the history to see how we got to where we are can be very useful.

Of course, history may be more relevant to those who base their claims on “tradition” than to those who argue that cultural change necessitates changes in marriage as well. However, even people who do not wish to see a return to “traditional marriage” can benefit from understanding the history of the institution and alternatives to it, if only to be able to identify where claims from historical truth are distorted or tendentious.

Only by historicizing marriage can we see the inherent illogic of claims that there is only one “real” form.

1 This includes both terrestrial evidence (such as radioactive carbon dating, fossil records, ice core samples, and geological layering), as well as In the case of the Pilegesh in Givah, there is no p sak. But in the case of Bais Hillel and Bais Shammai the.

Veronica Franco , famous Venetian poet and courtesan. Portrait by Paolo Veronese. There were two types of courtesan. In the other was the cortigiana di lume, a lower class of courtesan. Although the latter was still considered better than an average courtesan[ citation needed ], the former was the sort most often romanticized and treated more-or-less equal to women of the nobility.

It is with this type of courtesan that the art of “courtisanerie” is best associated.

“They Were All Equally Good”

Most people associate concubines with ancient China where Emperors were known to have kept thousands of concubines, however, the practice of taking concubines is certainly not exclusive to China. The practice of taking a concubine goes back thousands of years to the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia and Babylonia where the elite members of society took concubines, many of whom were slaves, however, the first wife always retained a place of primacy in the family.

In some city-states, women served as priestesses and held a very high social rank. Generally, these women did not marry. In some Mesopotamian cultures, men would visit these women as prostitutes , which society not only condoned, but considered an honourable fulfilment of religious duty, regardless of the marital status of the man.

Oct 03,  · A topic that needed to be brought up in today’s age. For those who feel stuck in their bad marriage, there is a way out. For those who get married and think oh well if it doesn’t work out just get a divorce, it’s not an easy way out.

One, in ancient times, when Roman armies destroyed Israel. Two, a worse period, just prior to the coming of Moshiach, when Derech Erets, respect for another will weaken. Even respect for the elders of our families will decline or disappear. And this lack of Derech Erets destroys families. Thus, in our days, when the Satan is emboldened by his sudden ability to destroy Derech Erets, it is no wonder that families are split. Instead of husband and wife working as taught in Rambam to respect and love each other, we have husband and wife standing apart from each other, hurling hate and ruining the children.

We now have gender war. People advertise that they are Orthodox feminists.

Bible Encyclopedias

Additional Information Abstract The article shows the ways in which an idiom of marriage became normative in early modern English translations of the Hebrew Bible. This was further amplified in adjacent textual commentaries and notes. The use of a contemporary language of marriage in early modern biblical translations was not unlike the ways in which early modern commentator perceived social relations in other remote cultures and filtered them through their own world view.

Translators and readers were also relying on long-standing and strong traditions which anchored Christian notions of matrimony in the ancient Hebrew text.

Dec 14,  · Introduction to Megillat Esther with the Vilna Gaon: Today we discussed the events prior to the story of Purim. We examined the background dating to the first exile from Israel. The personalities of Nebuchadnezer, Darius, Achashveush. What is the difference between a pilegesh house and the betulla house? Why does the pasuk (v.

I, along with the man I’m dating, are becoming more observant since being together. It is lovely that I am getting so such insight into our religion, and we are slowly starting to observe the Shabbat and more mitzvot. Anyway, here is what’s bothering me: Part of me understands his position, but I feel that intimacy is an important part of a relationship, and would create a very strong bond between us.

I know that I love him and wish to marry him one day, so this is not your average passing relationship. So what’s wrong with pre-marital intimacy? Imagine your favorite coffee mug broke in half, and you want to glue it together. You go to Home Depot and buy the most highly recommended, strongest glue. Then you read the instructions. You clean the surfaces as directed, very carefully make sure that the two halves are perfectly even and matched. Then you apply the glue. But what would happen if you applied the glue right away?

Before reading the instructions, before prepping the surfaces properly, before aligning them perfectly?